Chile announces construction of first Green Hydrogen Plant

 

Green energy, Chile.
The facility will be located in Cabo Negro, 28 km. North of Punta Arenas
Image: df.cl

Juan Carlos Jobet, Minister of Energy, said that today an industry as important as copper is making its way. The project, based on the exceptional wind conditions, prevailing in the region, brings together national and foreign companies.

 

Green Hydrogen is climbing positions in the ranking of sustainable energies. Its importance lies in the fact that when hydrogen is burned, it only leaves behind water vapor, instead of the greenhouse gases that come from fossil fuels, which today are essential to reduce. The key is that it can be generated without producing any pollution, through electrolysis, separating the oxygen and hydrogen molecules, requiring only water and electricity. When done through clean sources, such as solar or wind energy, the process is totally “green”.
 
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October, 2020.-

Enel Green Power Chile (EGP Chile), announced its purpose to participate with AME and possible partners ENAP, Siemens Energy and the automobile company Porsche, in the installation of a pilot plant for the production of green hydrogen through an electrolyzer powered by wind energy, in Cabo Negro, north of Punta Arenas, Magallanes Region.
 
The project is subject to the approval of the local authorities and the finalization of the financing structure. The facility is expected to start operating in 2022, making it the first plant of its kind to produce green hydrogen in Chile, as well as one of the largest in Latin America.

The announcement was made during an event with the participation of the Minister of Energy, Juan Carlos Jobet.


James Lee Stancampiano, General Manager of EGP Chile, said: “For Enel, Chile has always been a laboratory of innovation. Among the projects we have developed in this country are Diego de Almagro, the first large-scale solar plant in the country, the first bifacial photovoltaic panels in La Silla, the launch of Cerro Pabellon, the first geothermal plant in South America, the laboratory of wave power in Las Cruces, and the off-grid hybrid system in Ollag├╝e. Now, it is time to develop the potential of green hydrogen".
 
 

A project in Patagonia

 
Image: energiahoy.com
  Patagonia stands out for having some of the best ground wind conditions in the world due to its proximity to Antarctica. This feature allows a constant generation of energy, key to position itself as a green hydrogen development center. In particular, the Magallanes Region seeks to diversify its energy matrix historically marked by oil and gas, taking advantage of the existing infrastructure to accelerate decarbonization through green hydrogen generated by the wind. 
 
On the other hand, the place, on the shores of the Strait of Magellan, represents an advantage if the product is to be exported to European markets. 
 
 

Green Hydrogen in Chile 


 
Chile is emerging as one of the countries with the greatest potential for the production and export of green hydrogen in the world. According to the Chilean Ministry of Energy, up to 20% of the country's CO2 reduction by 2050 will be possible thanks to green hydrogen.
 
The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that Chile is capable of producing 160 million tons of green hydrogen per year, doubling current hydrogen demand and, according to Bloomberg's projections, the price of green hydrogen will be competitive with diesel by approximately less than 10 years.
 
Andres Roccatagliata, General Manager of ENAP (National Petroleum Company) expressed: “In these lands (Magallanes Region) oil was discovered more than 70 years ago. Now we are facing a new milestone, the search for new technologies, which will give a new economic boost to the region and, why not say it, to the entire country. At ENAP, we are confident that here, energy again will be produced for Magallanes and, being ambitious, for Chile and all the countries that benefit from this technology ”. 
 
 

Airbus bets on hydrogen and presents three zero-emission prototypes

 
According to the European aeronautics giant, if its plans go according to schedule, the first hydrogen-powered aircraft could be operational by 2035.
 
September 21, 2020 16:12  EFE
Source: emol.com 
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Zero-emission aircrafts of Airbus
The aeronautical manufacturer Airbus, in the red due to the drop in activity due to the Covid-19 pandemic, presented on Monday an ambitious plan that bets on hydrogen as a source of energy and hopes to have the first commercial aircraft with zero polluting emissions by 2035.
 
The European aviation giant, currently has three concepts from which this future aircraft will emerge, each of which, according to a statement, "explores different technological solutions and aerodynamic configurations".
 
"It is the most exciting change that aviation has ever known," Vice President in charge of the zero emissions program, Glenn Llewellyn, said in his press release, acknowledging that "much more remains to be done".
 

Airbus
Turbofan prototype

The first concept, with a range of more than 2,000 nautical miles (more than 3,500 kilometers) and capacity for between 120 and 200 passengers, is designed to cover transcontinental routes and is powered by a modified gas-turbine engine which works by liquid hydrogen combustion.
 
The second, of up to 100 passengers, could use a "turboprop" engine, instead of a turbofan like the previous one, and would also be powered by hydrogen combustion in modified gas-turbine engines.
 
Turbodrop 



Finally, the third prototype, capable of transporting up to 200 passengers, is the most visually and architecturally revolutionary, since it involves bringing to commercial aviation the concept of the “flying wing”, only used until now in experimental aircraft or in the American bomber B-2.
 
Computer-generated images of this concept and exhibited to the press show how the wings merge with an "exceptionally wide" fuselage, allowing multiple options for both hydrogen storage and distribution as well as cockpit configuration.
 
Airbus prototype
Blended-Wing Body (BWB)


21 de Septiembre de 2020 | 16:12 | EFE

Fuente: Emol.com - https://www.emol.com/noticias/Autos/2020/09/21/998507/Airbus-aviones-a-hidrogeno.html
21 de Septiembre de 2020 | 16:12 | EFE

Fuente: Emol.com - https://www.emol.com/noticias/Autos/2020/09/21/998507/Airbus-aviones-a-hidrogeno.html
   
The three Airbus projects are grouped under the label ZEROe and the aeronautical consortium hopes that in three or five years the progress of the investigations will allow them to know which of the three ideas they will bet on in the future.
 
The European manufacturer relies on the advances of its own industry and the space and self-propelling sector, but it is clear that its implementation does not depend only on them, but also on the collaboration of public and private partners and all actors involved in aviation.
 
"We believe it is feasible if we do things right and if the industry evolves with us", added Executive Vice President of Engineering Jean-Brice Dumont.
 
The investment required is not yet specified, but is estimated at several tens of billions of euros. As other players contribute to the expansion of that technology, Airbus expects the development cost to gradually decline.
 
The European aerospace giant presents its program as an environmental revolution.
 
"I strongly believe that the use of hydrogen in synthetic fuels or used as a primary energy source for commercial aircraft has the potential to significantly reduce the climate impact of aviation", said its CEO, Guillaume Faury.